If you have dreamed of becoming a doctor or an astronaut since childhood, and still do not doubt the correctness of your choice - you have no problems. No matter what your mother and grandmother say, you study chemistry or biology textbooks with the tenacity of a fanatic, or you attend the "young physicist" club and have a good idea of what you will do after graduation.

If that's the case, then you're lucky. Because many children have no idea at all what "to be" and where to go and whether to do it at all, when the long-awaited last school bell rings.

Well, when the problem of choosing a profession worries-it means your social and psychological maturity. It's worse if you still don't care: your mother will take you to law school by the hand (because you "kind of like" the story), and then it turns out that you can't stand sorting through tedious papers and communicating with people.

Difficulties of professional self-determination usually arise in two categories of children. The first ones have not yet found anything interesting in this life. It so happened that the teachers failed to create a love for any subjects in them, and their talents are still buried in the ground. These guys can study well, but they are not interested in anything, their life is quite boring or just monotonous. So they can not decide what they would like to do - because of what surrounds them in the world, nothing particularly attracts them. And what to choose from? As a rule, they do not know who their father works for, who is an ichthyologist - and in general, they do not know much about the world of professions. The second category of children is very active both in their studies and in various other forms of activity. They are interested in everything, they attend three clubs, five electives and ten sports sections at the same time. Moreover, they do everything well. As they say, if a person is talented , he is talented in everything. Whatever this miracle child does, he succeeds in everything. However… he also can not determine what he likes more, what he would like to connect his life with.

How to understand yourself? Psychologists believe that when choosing a profession, it is very important to match the psychological characteristics of a person and the corresponding characteristics of the profession. The profession should be INTERESTING. If you like animals, plants, then it will be interesting for you to encounter objects of wildlife in your professional activity. If you love technology, your interest in it will support you in the activities of a design engineer or theoretical physicist.

Any profession requires that a person has so - called "professionally important qualities" - for example, attention is important for a proofreader, imaginative thinking is important for an artist, etc. Therefore, when choosing a certain profession, it is important to realize whether you have the ABILITIES that correspond to professionally important qualities. In a situation of doubt, choose the profession where your abilities will be maximally realized, in this activity you will achieve the greatest success.

Finally, the type of professional activity being implemented should coincide with your PERSONAL, characterological type. For example, if you are sociable - you are more suitable for professions associated with numerous contacts, and if you are emotionally unstable - you will not be able to perform routine activities that require concentration for a long time.

So, in order to choose a profession, it is necessary first of all to know yourself. You probably often ask yourself the questions: "What am I?", " Who am I in this world?", " Why do I live?". A simple exercise will help you get to know yourself better and partially answer these questions (you will never fully answer them): look at yourself through the eyes of another person. A specific person that you know well - for example, a friend or a neighbor at the desk, a mother or a beloved girl. Try to explain your actions the way another person would - without knowing the true motives. You will understand how other people see you, but, on the other hand, you will get rid of subjectivism, because in your own eye, as you know, you can not see a log.

Your character is still being formed, so you should not label yourself and give up the profession of an artist just because you are supposedly "shy". Fight, work on yourself, learn about yourself. And remember that the mental properties of a person (whether they are abilities, interests, or character traits) are extremely flexible, changing qualities. There are many cases when a person who does not have the ability to play music, but passionately wants to do it, managed to develop a musical ear. The main thing is interest; remember: abilities are formed in activity. Get used to work, work hard. You can't get very far on your abilities alone. On the other hand, interest is also not quite stable. A lot of kids think they love a particular subject, but in fact they really like the teacher. In addition, it is difficult to know whether you will like psychology or the same economics - you did not study anything like this in school.... In order not to make a mistake, you need to expand your horizons in relation to the world of professions. Ask adults questions about their professional activities - as a rule, people are happy to talk about their real work and about their student years. Then you can consciously decide whether you are interested in this field, or all you know about the specialty for which you are applying is its name.…

So, having understood your abilities, interests and personal traits, you start choosing not a profession - but a university or faculty. Find out which specialties and specializations correspond to the type of activity you are interested in. This is not always an unambiguous match (for example, to repair computers, you need to get a specialty "radio electronics"). Decision-making should be based on many factors that are no longer psychological: the reputation of the university and the competition, the opinion of friends, parents, and the cost of training. Do not be lazy and write down on a separate piece of paper the pros and cons of each of the options. Analyze the data together with your friends and family. And always remember: the final choice is only yours, because choosing a profession, you choose your fate. The profession should bring pleasure (positive emotions to you) and ensure the maximum realization of your capabilities (benefit to society).